PMI® launched the new PMP® exam in 2021, which is entirely different from the old exam format. The new PMP® exam content concentrates on three domains: people, process, and business environment instead of only focusing on the process like the old one. Do not be confused if you find that the new PMP® exam content differs from the PMBOK® Guide because the exam is based on the Exam Content Outline, not the PMBOK® Guide.
In this year’s update to the PMP® exam, PMI® conducted a Global Practice Analysis market research, which produced several trends in the profession previously unaddressed in the PMP exam. These trends were used as inputs into the Job Task Analysis and ensure the validity and relevance of the PMP examination. The Job Task Analysis guarantees that each examination validly measures all elements of the project management profession in terms of real settings.
The research conducted through the Job Task Analysis validated that today’s project management practitioners work in various project environments and utilize different project approaches. Consequently, about half of the examination will represent predictive project management approaches, and the other half will represent agile or hybrid approaches. Predictive, agile, and hybrid approaches will be found throughout the three-domain areas listed below and are not isolated to any particular domain or task.
The new PMP® exam content comprises tasks in each domain. However, there is a new term “enablers” in the new PMP® exam content.
- Domain: The high-level knowledge area that is essential to the practice of project management.
- Tasks: The underlying responsibilities of the project manager within each domain area.
- Enablers: Illustrative examples of the work associated with the task to help explain what the task contains. Below is an example of the new task structure and association with the enablers.